Speaker of the Parliament, Professor Ibrahim Ahmed Omer, announced on Sunday 23rd October, that the Parliament has received the proposed constitutional amendments agreed upon as part of the ‘National Dialogue Process’.
The inclusive Sudanese National Dialogue which was launched on 10th October 2015 in Khartoum is now over. The marathon deliberations to which observers and diplomats were invited culminated in recommendations that will revolutionize most aspects of life in the country.
The Parliament will start deliberating on these amendments very soon as part of the due process to enshrine them in the Constitution. A transitional ‘National Reconciliation Government’ will be formed to cater for the implementation of all the agreed upon recommendations, which cover areas of governance and peace; freedoms and human rights; identity of the country; economic policies and foreign relations.Amongst the proposed constitutional amendments is the creation of a Prime Minister office in the government who deals with executive affairs. While “Sudanism” was emphasized as an all-embracing attribute that signifies the unity of all diverse constituents of the Sudan, it has been agreed that Sudan, as enshrined in 2005 Interim Constitution, is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-lingual country.
The recommendations of the National Dialogue process, contained in the “National Document” which was signed by the participating parties and forces and submitted to the President of the Republic, Omer Al-Bashir on the 10th October 2016, represents the outcome of deep, inclusive and detailed discussions and deliberations spanned over almost a whole year with the participation of 89 political parties and 36 armed movements.
Implementation of the recommendations of the National Dialogue is expected to usher in an era of peace and security in Sudan, and to dramatically alter the whole political landscape.
27th October 2016
Radio Dabanga - February 11
February 10, 2013 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir has toughened his stance toward his country’s ongoing post-secession negotiations with South Sudan saying that they have no more concessions to offer.
In remarks at a hospital inauguration in Khartoum, Bashir stressed that previous agreements signed with Juba are not subject to revisions or change and they must be implemented as signed.
"We handed the South [Sudanese] a fully sovereign state but rather than focus on building their state they have become devoted to creating conflicts," the Sudanese president said.
"We are advocates of peace but peace will not be at any cost. We have given everything and we do not have anything new to offer" Bashir added.
The two countries have been negotiating for years over issues such as borders, Abyei, oil and citizenship with little progress despite regional and international pressure.
Last September they signed a number of cooperation deals that would allow for resumption of oil exports from landlocked South Sudan through Sudan’s pipelines.
But Sudan is insisting that security arrangements be agreed upon and that Juba halts its alleged support to anti-Khartoum rebels before it allows oil exports to flow again through its territory.
Khartoum has long accused South Sudan of supporting the Sudan People Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) insurgents fighting in two Sudanese states bordering South Sudan - as well as other rebels in the western Darfur region. Juba denies the charges.
Delegations from the two countries are scheduled to meet next week in the Ethiopian capital to discuss security issues.
In a related issue, Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party (NCP) said it is discussing the African Union Peace and security Council (AUPSC) demand that Khartoum negotiates directly with SPLM-N.
Sudan has rejected talks with SPLM-N and scrapped an AU brokered framework agreement in June 2011 it signed with the rebel group.
Hasabu Abdel-Rahman, the NCP deputy political secretary, said that no talks are possible without South Sudan severing links with SPLM-N in the two border states, which Khartoum still refer to as the 9th and 10th division of the SPLA - the former southern rebels who are now the official military of the Republic of South Sudan.
This aerial photo shows a series of pyramids and graves that a team of archaeologists has been exploring at Sedeinga in Sudan. Since 2009 they have discovered at least 35 small pyramids at the site, the largest being 22 feet in width.
|Latinos Post - February 07
By Peter Lesser
Thirty-five small pyramids have been discovered at the Sedeinga site in Sudan. The pyramids, discovered along with their graves, have been slowly uncovered since 2009.
Their dense concentration is surprising to researchers, who in 2011 found 13 pyramids clustered together into roughly 5,381, an area slightly larger than a basketball court, according to CBS News.
They date back to nearly 2,000 years ago during the reign of the Kush kingdom in Sudan. Researchers believe that the pyramids were built based on Egyptian funerary architecture, as the Kush kingdom shared a border with Egypt.
The largest pyramids discovered are about 22 feet wide at the base. The smallest, which likely functioned as a grave for a small child, is only 30 inches long. The tops of the pyramids have worn away due to the passage of time, but Vincent Francigny, a research associate with the American Museum of Natural History in New York told LiveScience that he believes the tops would have been decorated with capstones depicting either birds or lotus flowers on top of a solar orb.
The structure of the pyramids takes a very peculiar form that's never been seen in Sedeinga. They're designed with a circular structure connected to the pyramid corners through cross-braces. Researched had been curious as to why they chose to construct the pyramids in such a way until 2012.
"What we found, is very intriguing," said Francigny. " A grave of a child and it was covered by only a kind of circle, almost complete, of brick." He believes that when they began building pyramids in Sedeinga, they adopted a local circle-building tradition that resulted in pyramids with circular structures within.
These new findings could hopefully spark a more ambitious trend that will lead to further discoveries, unveiling mysteries that lay dormant in the sand. Experts argue that there must be more pyramids that remain undiscovered.
According the Daily Mail, for several years satellites have been able to see shapes of homes, temples, tombs, and other structures built thousands of years ago that are still mostly covered by sand or whose outlines are invisible to the naked eye.
There's no way to tell what's buried beneath the sand, but investigations undoubtedly continue. The new discoveries in Sedeinga are exciting and proceed to puzzle together the pieces of our unknown past.
February 10, 2013 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese government and a splinter group of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) on Sunday signed a cease-fire agreement in Doha, Qatar, as a prelude to engaging in political talks.
The JEM-Military Council rebel faction led by Mohamed Bashar signed on 24 January a framework agenda to negotiate a peace deal based on the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD).
Speaking from Doha, Nahar Osman a political adviser of the rebel group told Sudan Tribune that the deal provides that the 90-day ceasefire shall enter into force on Sunday at 11.55pm local time.
"The agreement is renewable until the signing of a peace agreement," he added.
The deal was signed by state minister and Sudanese government chief negotiator Amin Hassan Omer, and deputy chairman and rebel chief negotiator Arko Suleiman Dahia.
The signing ceremony was attended by Qatari state minister for cabinet affairs Ahmed bin Abdullah Al-Mahmoud, deputy joint chief mediator, Aichatou Mindaoudou Souleymane and UNAMID Force Commander, Patrick Nyamvumba who chairs the Cease Fire Commission (CFC).
Asked about the reasons that led to the delay the signing of ceasefire agreement, Nahar, who is a member of the rebel delegation, said they were keen to meticulously study all the provisions of the agreement before endorsing it.
The truce had been previously expected to be signed on 7 February.
He said they are now ready to start talks on power and wealth sharing, compensation and return of internally displaced persons and refugees, justice and reconciliation, and final security arrangements.
Asked whether a peace agreement will be concluded before a donors conference scheduled for 7 and 8 April, the rebel official said they understand that such a move will encourage donors to support the peace process but stressed that the issue "is not a headache" for them.
"We may sign tomorrow if the government take our demands seriously", he further said.
Qatar will host the April donors conference at which the where Darfur Regional Authority hopes to collect some 7 billion dollars for recovery and development projects.
The Darfur Regional Authority was established as part of the DDPD signed by the government and the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) in 2011.